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Lipoic acid

An organic acid produced by cells of certain microorganisms and essential to oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA during metabolism. Also called factor II. Its formula is C8H14S2O2 and systematic name 5-(1,2-dithiolan-3-yl)pentanoic acid. Lipoic acid is a redox-active molecule capable of thiol-disulfide exchange, giving it anti-oxidant activity.
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