Ginseng (American ginseng, Asian ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Korean red ginseng, Panax ginseng: Panax spp., including P. ginseng C.A.Mey. and P. quinquefolius L., excluding Eleutherococcus senticosus)
- GlucoseGlucose: Based on clinical trials, ginseng may significantly reduce blood glucose levels (209; 19; 30; 211).
- LipidsLipids: In animals and hyperlipidemic humans, oral administration of ginseng reduced plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, and nonessential fatty acids, while increasing levels of HDL cholesterol (234; 481). However, a lack of an effect on plasma lipids was found in a study on type 2 diabetics and erectile dysfunction (211; 304).
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