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Anhydrous crystalline maltose

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Related terms
Background
Evidencetable
Tradition
Dosing
Safety
Interactions
Attribution
Bibliography

Related Terms
  • ACM, disaccharide.

Background
  • Anhydrous crystalline maltose has been used as a food stabilizer and a desiccant (chemical agent used to absorb moisture) for use in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
  • Anhydrous crystalline maltose has been studied in patients with Sjogren's syndrome (inflammatory autoimmune disorder) for treatment of dry mouth.
  • Limited information is currently available about the effects of anhydrous crystalline maltose for the treatment of any indication in humans.

Evidence Table

These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. GRADE *


Anhydrous crystalline maltose (ACM) has been studied and may be effective for relieving symptoms of dry mouth associated with Sjogren's syndrome (inflammatory autoimmune disorder characterized by a dry mouth and dry eyes). Additional study is needed.

C
* Key to grades

A: Strong scientific evidence for this use
B: Good scientific evidence for this use
C: Unclear scientific evidence for this use
D: Fair scientific evidence for this use (it may not work)
F: Strong scientific evidence against this use (it likley does not work)


Tradition / Theory

The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.

  • Insufficient available evidence.

Dosing

Adults (over 18 years old)

  • There is no proven effective dose for anhydrous crystalline maltose. However, 200-milligram lozenges have been taken by mouth three times a day for up to 24 weeks for relief of dry mouth in Sjogren's syndrome.

Children (under 18 years old)

  • There is no proven safe or effective dose for anhydrous crystalline maltose in children.

Safety

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not strictly regulate herbs and supplements. There is no guarantee of strength, purity or safety of products, and effects may vary. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy. Consult a healthcare provider immediately if you experience side effects.

Allergies

  • Avoid in individuals with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to anhydrous crystalline maltose.

Side Effects and Warnings

  • Anhydrous crystalline maltose appears safe, although there is a lack of available reports on adverse events. Avoid in patients with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to anhydrous crystalline maltose.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

  • Anhydrous crystalline maltose is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women due to a lack of available scientific evidence.

Interactions

Interactions with Drugs

  • Insufficient available evidence.

Interactions with Herbs & Dietary Supplements

  • Insufficient available evidence.

Attribution
  • This information is based on a systematic review of scientific literature edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com).

Bibliography
  1. Fox PC, Cummins MJ, Cummins JM. A third study on the use of orally administered anhydrous crystalline maltose for relief of dry mouth in primary Sjogren's syndrome. J Altern Complement Med 2002;8(5):651-659.
  2. Fox PC, Cummins MJ, Cummins JM. Use of orally administered anhydrous crystalline maltose for relief of dry mouth. J Altern Complement Med 2001;7(1):33-43.

Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.


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